Called Module+, the freestanding sustainable structure was designed by Hanoi-based Nguyen Khac Phuoc Architects (NKPA) in collaboration with fellow Vietnamese architecture studio Dang + Partners. The pavilion creates a visual interruption in the picturesque natural landscape but without generating a negative impact on its surroundings.

Module+ owes its name to the 2,000, cross-shaped components from which it is constructed. At the tip of each arm of the modules are slots that enable the components to fit together at right-angles.

The even distribution of forces throughout the structure removes the need for fixtures and adhesives, allowing the pavilion to be held together solely by friction.


  • Define the cross-shaped component
  • Define the base rectangle
  • Extrude to create surfaces
  • Extrude the edges to point for gable end of pavilion
  • Extrude edges of gable to create sloped surface
  • Divide surface to obtain points
  • Select alternate rows of points
  • Move Component to the points
  • Flip Matrix and and move rotated components to the points

Animated Systems / ‘Module+ Pavilion, Vietnam, NKPA’ is a project of IAAC, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia developed in the Master in Advanced Architecture 2019/20 by Student: Poojitha Tadshina Reddy and Faculty: Rodrigo Aguirre, Mohamad Elatab, Ivan Marchuk, Oana Taut