The aim of the module was to focus on the energy that can be produced from the design developed over the prior weeks.

To begin with, we tried to narrow down on the following 4 passive strategies:

  • Orientation
  • Heat Retention
  • Porosity
  • Illumination

Then we did a simple simulation of the average radiation that the structure would receive through the year.


To understand precise energy requirement, we detailed out our program as shown below:

We experimented with multiple options for energy production as follows:

  • Option 1 – Panels at angle on open terraces

  • Option 2 – Panels flat on pergolas

  • Option 3 – Panels on tensile shading system

  • Option 4 – Panels at angle on open terraces (Combination of 1 & 2)

On comparing them, it can be seen that Option 2 results in the highest energy yield. However, it is important to note that the number of panels used in Option 2 are far more for just a little more energy production which would ultimately make it less economical. Option 4 which has the second highest yield is a combination of 1 & 2, where the panels are installed on a pergola at an angle. It uses far less panels and produces a considerable amount of energy. Hence, the preferred solution to optimise energy production is Option 4.


M04: Energy is a module of IaaC, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia

Developed at the Masters in Advanced Ecological Buildings and Biocities (MAEBB) in 2019-2020 by students: Dania Aburouss & Maitri Joy Uka

Faculty: Oscar Aceves