Adaptive facade systems

Soft Robotics in Architecture

Project brief

The concept of this design is to develop a connection between the physical and digital worlds through the design of a small interactive facade’. This facade would react to its environment through the use of sensors while adapting its form to the external input conditions. A Living Facade.



The project investigates the potential of soft robotics that are enabled by emergent materials in architecture. Distributed, adaptive soft robotics addresses many issues in the architectural environment such as energy efficiency as well as user comfort. The design process and project development methods of the soft robotic systems integrate the fabrication of working proof of concept prototypes as well as their testing.



 Soft Robotic Exploration

Fabrication protocol



Skin iterations

facade Prototype




The adaptive facade system is a project of IaaC, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia developed at the Masters in advanced architecture 2020/21 by:

Students: Karthy krishna, Ashwin parandhaman, Pamela Igwehi

Faculty: Angel Muñoz, Cristian Rizzuti