The project explores three main topics that represent a global concern within the present times : migration, energy crisis and food shortage. Following these concepts, the main intervention is based on designing a city of the future, located in the actual site of the Suruc refugee camp in Turkey. With a lack of proper configuration and only tents available as living spaces, the projects proposes a geometrical strategy of aggregation and accumulation, responsive and adaptive to the future migration flows. Within the 1,000,000 sq m site, the growth protocol of the living and function units will be integrated within a grid system that allows the placement and displacement of 5x5x5 m capsules which will aggregate within the pre-established gridal infrastructure. For populating the entire site, an evolutionary algorythm will be used in order to generate an optimization based on a solar radiation (which has reached high levels within the context of the site). The fittest result will be adapted and detailed with the aim of achieving an urban system which will challenge and improve the conditions of the future refugee camp.


With the aim of achieving an efficient configuration for the main island of the urban network the project implements an optimization algorithm that uses an evolutionary solver (Galapagos) and solar radiation analysis in order to determine the best configuration that will populate the site.



The optimized configurations are adapted to the urban infrastructure and divided into two main branches: living units and functions. Dome roof and shading elements are used to reduce solar radiation (adapted to the result of solar analysis from optimization process) and ultimately integrated within the established optimal solution. Ultimately, the project aims to generate a smart and adaptive city of the future, re-shaping the methodology and design of a refugee camp.

GENETIC OPTIMIZATION – SURUC CAMP- is a project developed at IaaC, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, developed at Master in Advanced Architecture 2018/19 by:
Students: Daria Ciobanu-Enescu
Faculty: Rodrigo Aguirre
Assistants: Nikoleta Mougkasi, Daniil Koshelyuk