Los Angeles



Nate Starkman Building


Geometry Development

Sub-D Evolution


Floor Slabs


Solar Facade

Sun Path

Analysis Period:

  • Summer Solstice
  • Winter Solstice
  • Equinox


Direct Sun Hours


Facade Pattern


Kinetic Skin

Incident Radiation


Skin Structure


Skin | Open


Skin | Closed


Skin | Open/Closed


Spatial Daylight Autonomy

Without Skin


With Skin


Energy Modeling


Energy Balance

Basic estimation of notional  building not considering passive solutions

Total yearly energy load = 107 kWh/m2


Energy Consumption


Energy Balance

Real energy model considering passive solutions

Total yearly energy use intensity = 99kWh/m2

Reduction of 8% from notional building


Heating / Cooling


Thermal Comfort


Photovoltaic Solar Panels




Pedestrian View