The text is a good description of the rapid development of a global supply line network that centralizes power and creates a sort of invisible geopolitical structure that directly affects local initiatives for change (as we could see with the story of the murdered Chilean miner). I think the author wants to argue that the rapid technological advancements in AI and robotics make labor as a constituent of the means of production to become irrelevant at a quick pace in a way Marx could not even imagine.

I found it pretty horrifying to see how rapid this development is happening. Still, I found the author to be focusing a lot on technological development and the societal implications of these. I would still argue that technology in itself is not a political system and that the drivers of societal change are happening as a result of deeper underlying power structures/ideologies. But as I haven’t read the whole book, he might talk more about that.

I also think that in the context of how technology enables us to increasingly change the geology and climate of the earth, seeking ways of reclaiming the means of production is not enough. Cooperatives like Mondragon in Spain are worker-owned and definitely a better alternative in terms of distribution of wealth and equality. Previously as economies were more local this might have been a sufficient solution, but as we have developed into a very interdependent global economic system the ways in which companies like Mondragon are now able to offload ecological cost and exploitation of cheap labor in other countries pose a big challenge in terms of inequality and ecological disaster.