Abstract : 

The base of our project is to develop a composite material or its system like a wall which can replace home heating equipment or existing heating systems or reduce its usage.

In recent years after the discovery of simplified extraction process of graphene; there has been a lot of research done on how to use graphene as a building material. Graphene has high thermal conductivity, very high electrical conductivity and good mechanical properties which can have potential applications in building design and construction sector. One such research project was carried out by a group of students here in Iaac; which focused on mixing graphene with different building materials and enhancing composite properties. We have taken this project and its findings as a base for our project.

We are making a composite material by mixing graphene with clay which can replace existing heating systems. Clay is a very high resistance material which makes it electrically non-conductive. By mixing graphene with clay we can turn clay into electrical conductive and also heat generative material. Through our research, we are able to make a composite which can transform electricity into heat at a low resistance value.

Now our approach is to develop such a system; which can replace existing heating systems by combining both electrical conductivity and heat generation properties of this composites.

Apart from the above-mentioned application; graphene and clay composite also has the potential to transfer electronic data which can replace the existing wire system for data transfer.

Materials : 


Graphene                                                               Clay


  Graphene           +         Clay            +  Binding Material  +  Water          =  Clayphene Composite

Composite prototypes with different proportions of mixies :



Test to find heat generation of composites :

Tools and Equipment:

  • Stand to hold composite blocks
  • Thermal camera (to check radiation of heat)
  • Thermo Laser (to measure temperature)
  • Power Supply (to heat block through electricity & to measure volts and Amp)
  • Multimeter ( to measure Resistance)
  • Video camera with stand for documentation)
  • Timer

Location of the electrical points on the composite surface:

SAMPLE TEST (Heat generation test)

Composite T10 S1


Clayphene Brick Prototype 


Comparison between A.C. heating and Clayphene composite wall


Case Study 

Program Zones


Operative Temperature Bedroom zone

Calculations for Bedroom

Clayphene is a project of IaaC, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia developed at Master in Advanced Architecture, in 2018/2019 by:
Students: Alaa Aldin Al Baroudi, Neel Prajapati, Mohamad Fouad Nader Hanifa
Faculty: Areti Markopoulou, David Andres Leon, Raimund Krenmueller
Student Assistant: Nikol Kirova