Temporary support systems for 3D printing Cantilevers


The research demonstrates the temporary structures can be used while 3d printing to support cantilevers or arched structures in order to hold the components in place until its sufficiently advanced to support itself. This usage is specifically called support structures during the construction process. The objective of the study is to explore printability for complex structure morphologies in architectural components with the aid of different support systems, wood or printed supports. Digital simulations and physical tests to be conducted for estimating the structural performance after removing the supports to assure a safe build-up without collapsing.

Cantilevers, Clay 3d printing, Support structures, Printed supports, Wooden supports.


Earth Architecture Cantilevers


Support Systems for 3D printing 


Printed Supports

Historical References



Printing setup (1:10 scale)

Parameters Control


Prototype A


Prototype A -Supported by wood

Prototype B

Prototype B – Removing the support system


Prototype C : building the support


Printing path (wood / clay connection details)




Prototype D


Prototype E-F


Printing setup (1:3 scale)


Parameters Control -formwork




Final prototype – printing simulation



Future  implementation




Cantilevers in earth architecture: is a project of IaaC, Institute for Advanced Architecture of Catalonia
developed at Open Thesis Fabrication in 2019/2020 by:

Students….. Nzar faiq Naqueshbandi / Mohamad Fouad Hanifa

Faculty …….. Alexandre Dubor/Edouard Cabay

Kunaljit Singh Chadha ,

Assistant: Ashkan Foroughi Dehnavi