Ever since humans colonized new territories and population swell, there has been a tremendous increase in the anthropogenic processes around the world for example – resource extraction, construction, agriculture, urbanization and on a much global scale, the climate change. The area of interest in this research is the impact caused by us humans on a topological level.



To understand this better it is important to glance through the timeline of earth’s topology.

The evolution of the earth can be categorized into different epochs. Each of these periods brought with it its various processes and added different layers to the earth as the residue of this process. And each of these layers forms the ground for the next regime.

Currently, we are in the Cenozoic phase where we have just left the age of Holocene and entered the Anthropocene, where humans have become the geological force. And because of this geological force, we are more than ever and sucking the resources out from the previous layer.




This research basically aims to investigate the way in which this Anthropocene age will shape the ground from what we know it today. 


To examine this, various projects around the world were picked and analysed based on its peculiar and uncanny approach to the way we view the ground. All these projects primarily highlight a withdrawal from the traditional notion of the ground and a strong attempt to adapt to a new regime.

When closely analysed, all these projects represent 3 major phenomena happening around the world, namely:-

  • Building on a Building
  • Building within a Building
  • Building as a plug-in

These can be further categorised into different types based on the context and scope of use.

These phenomena on a global scale suggest a possible future scenario where the existing property/structure becomes the future infrastructure

If we

What if these 3 phenomena are extrapolated and accelerated onto an entire city?


Adumbrate is a project of IAAC, Institute of Advanced Architecture of Catalonia, developed as part of the second year Thesis at the Master in Advanced Architecture program in 2017/18 by
Student: Kavya Jose
Tutors: Peter Trummer, Jordi Vivaldi Piera
Fabrication Support: Ricardo Mayor