Liquid + Solidity      |     Transparent + Opaque     |      Stagnation + Motion


The system that draws on the changing opacity of Parafin Wax according to given heat comes in the form of glass panels sitting on wooden structure in a sequence where wax flow performs in congruence with gravity. The performative wax system not merely serves as a skin for sunshade but also one space that extends from the rooftop, facade to approachable human scale, which allows visitors to enter as part of this dynamic sculpture that responds to the environmental condition.


[ Dialogue ]

Wax, having the properties of traversing between phase of liquid and solidity, transparency and opacity and meanwhile capturing and stagnating its own motion, comes to our interest as the major liquid to work with. A series of tests on the wax effect were carried out to explore splashing by pouring wax into water, bubbling by melting solid wax, and eventually the draping effect along a slanting surface.

[ Chemical Properties Insoluble in water ]

– Melting point  37-65 °C boiling point is >370 °C
– mixture of hydrocarbon molecules containing between twenty and
– forty carbon atoms
– white, odorless, tasteless, waxy solid
– density of around 900 kg/m3
– soluble in ether, benzene, and certain esters
– unaffected by most common chemical reagents but burns readily
– heat of combustion is 42 kJ/g.
– soluble in ether, benzene, and certain esters. Paraffin is unaffected
– by most common chemical reagents but burns readily.Its heat of combustion is 42 kJ/g.
– excellent material for storing heat,
– specific heat capacity of 2.14–2.9 J g−1 K−1
– heat of fusion of 200–220 J g



[ Design Approach ]

[ Thermoformed Pieces ]

[ Structural Design ]

SE.7 – Elective Seminar
Performative use of liquids in curved glass assemblies. 

// Students :Montakan Manosong , Ya Chieh Chang, Evelina ilina
//Tutor: Edouard Cabay
// External experts. Resja Ferusic, Carles Salas
// Cricursa Expert: Ferran Figuerola
// Technical Advisor: Alexandre Dubor